สืบค้นงานวิจัย
โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาพันธุ์ทุเรียน
ทรงพล สมศรี - กรมวิชาการเกษตร
ชื่อเรื่อง: โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาพันธุ์ทุเรียน
ชื่อเรื่อง (EN): Research and Varieties Improvement of Durian Project
ผู้ร่วมงาน / ผู้ร่วมวิจัย: ทรงพล สมศรี
คำสำคัญ:
คำสำคัญ (EN):
บทคัดย่อ: Durian variety Improvement project was conducted between 2011 and 2015. It was composed with 14 experiments and investigated in various horticultural research centers of The Department of Agriculture as follows: Durian germplesm was surveyed and collected from various parts of Thailand. Currently, more than 800 accessions of durian were collected in the collection field at Chanthaburi, Trang, Suratthani and Yala. The Diversity International Durian Descriptor was adopted to use in this study. The morphological and agriculture characters were documented. The promising native varieties were selected in Chanthaburi Horticultural Research Center about 21 varieties out of 77 varieties. Some of them were selected to be parental varieties for breeding program. In addition, 15 promising native varieties from lower north region were selected and documented. Selection and Evaluation of 1st and 2nd Generation of F1 hybrids was done at Chanthaburi Horticultural Research Center between 2011 and 2015 with 14 crosses for 1st generation of F1 hybrids. Five promising lines were selected for early maturity (135 days) and proposed to be DOA recommended variety namely “Chanthaburi 9”. Also, the 5-451-5 line was selected to be recommended variety for processing with high percentage of flesh per fruit. For 2nd generation of F1 hybrids, promising lines such as 16-17-2 and 8-3-2 lines were selected for good eating quality and high percentage of fruit setting. Selection and Evaluation of F2, Interspecific and Cross pollination hybrids of Durions were done. Two promising lines of F2 hybrids such as 5-441-13-4-1 and 5-441-13-13-9, two promising lines of inter specific hybrids such as KTxDg ช.(1-7) and MTx Sp ช.2 (1-4) and the MTxKT 21 promising line with good eating quality and high percentage of fruit setting were selected. Regional Yield Trial for promising F1 hybrids for production was studied. After 10 years of planting, At Chanthaburi Horticulture Research Center, The 24 promising lines with commercial varieties were studied and found that the 14 lines got good growth and good eating quality. At Trang Horticultural Research center, the 25 promising lines with commercial varieties were studied and found that the 6-413-7 line had good growth better than the others. The 11-341-1 line (Chanthaburi 4) got highest yield with 1.50-11.50 fruits per plant and 2.59-16.09 kg per plant. At Suratthani Agricultural Research and Development Center, The 24 promising lines with commercial varieties were studied and found that 13 promising line got 30-60 fruits per plant. At Yala Horticultural Research center, it was found that 8 promising lines with 6 years old started to get fruitting. Fertilizer Response of Selected F1 Hybrids of Durian was studied. Effect of 3 years of fertilizer application on girth of durian was documented and 1.5 times of recommended fertilizer rate produced maximum girth of durian. Chanthaburi 1, 2, 3 varieties tended to response to fertilizer application behind Monthong. In 2015, These F1, hybrids durian got fruits and some sample fruits were evaluated for main nutrient analysis. It was found that the Chanthaburi 1, 2, 3 fruits got the nutrient ratio of 3:1:4 of N-P2O5-K2O same as chance variety whereas Monthong variety got the ratio of 2:1:3. Effect of Phytophthora Disease on Selected F1 hybrid durians was studied on the stem of durian which revealed that the IIICN5-4-3-6 line was the most tolerant followed by IIICN 6-3-1-5, 11-341-1, ICN7-5-2-2, IIICN5-4-3-8, 6-422-4, 9-69-5 and ICNXM5-1-1. In 2014-2015, the 24 selected F1 hybrid leaves were inoculated with Phytopthora palmivora. It was found that the 6-413-7, ICNxM 5-1-1 (Chanthaburi 1) and ICN7-5-2-2 (Chanthaburi 2) were most tolerant whereas the IIICN6-1-4-7 line and Monthong variety were most susceptible. Commercial Comparison for Yield and Marketable Acceptance of New hybride Durians was studied At Chanthaburi, 5 farmer properties in 5 districts of Chanthaburi were conducted for comparing Chanthaburi 1,2,3 with Monthong variety. It was found that Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others. In 2015 these F1 hybrid durians 6 years old started to get fruits. Monthong variety got high yield with 1447 kg per rai and followed with Chanthaburi 3 and 2. At Chumporm, 6 new varieties such as Chanthaburi 1,2,3,4,5,6 were compared with Monthong variety in 2015. After 6 months planting, it was found that Chanthaburi 1 got height growth better than others. At Srisaket, 3 new varieties such as Chanthaburi 1,2,3 were compared with Monthong variety. It was found that Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others. Also, in 2015 they started to get flowering and fruiting. Yield Trial of New hybrid durians; Chanthaburi 1,2,3 in the Farmer properties. At Trat, 3 new varieties such as Chanthaburi 1,2,3 were compared with Monthong variety. It was found that Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others whereas Monthong got fruits morn than others in the first year of fruiting in 2015. At Chanthaburi, Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others whereas Monthong got fruits more than others in 2015. At Rayong, Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others. Substitute of Original Cultivar with New Hybrid Durians was studied. Seedlings, of Chanthaburi 1,2,3 were prepared and they were propagated on original cultivar stock by budding, inarching and side grafting technique. If was found that side grafting technique was successful about 70 percent. They started to get flowering after 2 years and got fruits after 3 years. In another way, the Chanthaburi 1,2,3 were planted in the field at Royal Rama 9 Fruit Orchard Development Center, Makham district, Chanthaburi, It was found that Chanthaburi 2 got height growth better than others and they started to get fruits after 5 years. Hence, it showed that substitute of original cultivar stock with new hybrid durians by side grafting got fruits faster than planting in the field at best 2 years. New crossing from parental of selected native cultivars were selected to be parental for new crossing with 18 crosses. The 1373 F1 hybrid seedlings were planted in the field with closed specing 4x4 meter and some were grafted on mature rootstocks. They will be selected for new varieties.
ปีเริ่มต้นงานวิจัย: 2553-10-01
ปีสิ้นสุดงานวิจัย: 2558-09-30
ลิขสิทธิ์: แสดงที่มา-ไม่ใช้เพื่อการค้า-ไม่ดัดแปลง 3.0 ประเทศไทย (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 TH)
เผยแพร่โดย: กรมวิชาการเกษตร
ภาษา (EN): th
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โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาพันธุ์ทุเรียน
ทรงพล สมศรี
กรมวิชาการเกษตร
30 กันยายน 2558
โครงการวิจัยการปรับปรุงพันธุ์ทุเรียน แผนงานวิจัยและพัฒนาทุเรียน โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาบรรจุภัณฑ์ โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนามะลิ โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาชาน้ำมัน โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาข้าวฟ่าง โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาการปรับปรุงพันธุ์ดาหลา โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาสบู่ดำ โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาเฟิน โครงการวิจัยและพัฒนาเครื่องอัดฟางข้าว

แสดงที่มา-ไม่ใช้เพื่อการค้า-ไม่ดัดแปลง 3.0 ประเทศไทย (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 TH)
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